You work for a consulting company and one of your clients is expanding their snow centered business across the US and is interested in knowing how climate change will impact snow and streamflow in the intermountain west and the northeastern United States. They have hired you to project likely changes in future snow depth, snow duration and streamflow under climate change for each of these locations.
This module will provide the student with learning activities and tools needed to develop a basic knowledge of snow processes and complete the report for the client. This knowledge is developed by completing the five module sections that build off each other and start with the basics of snow formation and end with analyzing how snow processes are impacted by a changing climate.
- The fundamental aspects of snow formation and terminology.
- The basics of snow measurement and analysis.
- The basics of using numerical snow processes models and how to consider uncertainty, calibration and validation in an assessment.
- The basics of using climate simulations to assess the projected change in snow and streamflow.
A desire to learn more about snow, climate and numerical modeling.
At the end of this module, students will be able to:
- Describe processes governing snow and meteorology.
- Develop a technical vocabulary to describe snow states and measurement.
- Analyze the monthly and annual relationships of snow measurements and streamflow.
- Describe the key components of snow models.
- Contrast modeled and observed snow and streamflow relationships while considering uncertainty.
- Analyze the temporal change of snow and streamflow due to a changing climate.
Joshua K. Roundy
Josh is an Associate Professor in Civil, Environmental, and Architecture Engineering at the University of Kansas. His research focuses on the interactions of the natural and built environment including land-atmosphere interactions, drought mechanism, snow processes, land surface modeling, parameter estimation, seasonal prediction and the impact of human induced change on the water and climate system.
Dave is an Associate Professor in Civil and Environmental Engineering at Syracuse University. His research focuses on research investigates hydrologic change related to anthropogenic ecologic and climatic drivers including hydrology, climate change, green infrastructure, and sustainable development.
The target audience is senior undergraduates or graduate students enrolled in earth science and civil and environmental engineering disciplines.
Course Sharing and Adaptation
This course is available for adaptation and customization by other instructors. A compressed copy of this course can be downloaded from the course about page in the top right hand corner by clicking the "Export Link" link. If you are an Instructor seeking the answer keys, please contact Joshua Roundy (firstname.lastname@example.org) using your official University email account.
Please be sure to cite this module as the source of your new course using the following citation.
Roundy, J.K., Chandler, D. (2020). Snow and Climate. HydroLearn. https://edx.hydrolearn.org/courses/course-v1:KU+CE552+Fall2020/about